HIS 121 United States History


Write a research paper about the American history.


Benedict Arnold was a hero of the American Revolutionary War.

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Later, he was a traitor and became one of America’s most notorious traitors (Tillson Jr. 2013, 2013).

He was considered a traitor because he switched sides from the United States to Britain.

George Washington granted him full trust when Arnold gave the fort over to British forces.

He was known for his treasonous and betrayal because he fought alongside the men he had once commanded.

This essay examines the life of Benedict Arnold, focusing on his life from birth through post-revolutionary conflict.

This essay will discuss Benedict Arnold’s background, life and later years.

Benedict Arnold was born January 14, 1741 in Norwich, Connecticut (United States), and died June 14, 1801, London.

He was a merchant, who operated ships on the Atlantic seas during the war’s inception.

Arnold joined the army outside Boston because of his intelligence and bravery.

Benedict Arnold, his great-grandfather and father who were early Rhode Island governors, was one of the many.

Hannah Waterman King, Arnold’s mother, was a wealthy widow prior to her marriage to the elder Arnold. (Philbrick 2017).

He came from a wealthy family that was successful until the loss of some business deals.

He attended Canterbury School.

He lost one of his two sisters and one brother to yellow fever.

Arnold was forced to leave school because of lack of funds. Therefore, he did no formal education.

Arnold got into trouble due to his parents’ inability to control him and his lack of formal education.

Arnold was helped by his family to get into the apothecary trade.

In order to serve in the French and Indian wars, he often abandoned his apprenticeship.

However, he continued to work in the family business over the years.

After the deaths of his parents, he quit apprenticeship and went to Europe to open his own pharmacy.

Hannah, his sister was the only member of his immediate family that survived and was his support.

Soon his business ventures became smuggling.

Arnold married Margaret Mansfield, 1767 and had three boys.

Before the official outbreak, Arnold was made a captain in the governor’s second company.

Benedict Arnold and the American Revolution

The Revolution broke out in 1775 between Great Britain (and thirteen American colonies).

Arnold joined the Continental army during this period.

Ethan Allen was the Vermont frontiersman, and Allen’s Green Mountain boys. He was serving a commission from Massachusetts.

The partnership was to capture the British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga. It took place in 1775.

Arnold was leading a trek from Maine through Quebec in the same year.

To rally Canadian citizens for a nationalist cause, and to deprive Britain of a northern base to strike into the thirteen colonies, the purpose of the journey was primary.

Arnold was forced to launch an attack against Quebec City by a blizzard, December 31, 1775.

Arnold suffered severe leg injuries during the battle’s first phase. He was then taken to the battlefield’s backside.

Many American soldiers died in the battle. Others were also injured or captured.

British took Canada into their control (Breen 2017).

Arnold was able to recover from his injuries in the latter part of 1776.

Arnold was getting ready to return to the field.

Arnold was one the key players in preventing the British from invading Canada and New York in the fall of the year.

He was a brilliant captain. His prediction of Guy Carleton sailing an invasion force along lake chaplain proved to be accurate.

He was responsible for the quick manufacture of an American flotilla to that lake, so he could meet Carleton’s fleet.

America’s enemies were surprised at Valcour Bay during the October 1776.

Arnold’s actions delayed Carleton’s approach to America, despite the fact that America was driven by Carleton’s flotilla.

The British general reached New York and the action was delayed so much that the battle was nearly over.

The British were forced to leave Canada.

Arnold’s actions during the battle saved the patriot cause.

Arnold said that Arnold’s outstanding performance and his services didn’t merit the recognition they deserved.

Five junior officers were later promoted above Arnold, which led to his resignation from the Continental Army in 1777.

General George Washington, who was the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army insisted Arnold reconsider his decision and convinced him to rejoin the army.

Arnold joined the military at the right time to assist in defense of central New York under General John Burgoyne (Gooch, 2015).

Arnold was under General Horatiogates during 1728-1806.

Arnold approached General Horatio gates when he encountered disrespect.

Because of their shared antipathy and past history, Gate relieved Arnold in one instance.

A dangerous plot:

Rumours circulated about Arnold’s use of his position in Philadelphia as governor during Arnold’s tenure.

Many questions were raised regarding Arnold’s marriage and courtship with his daughter, who was suspected of loyalist sympathies.

Arnold was a wealthy man who lived lavishly with his children and wife, accruing a lot of debt.

Arnold was motivated to become a traitor by the recognition and promotion he didn’t receive.

He even said that he would prefer to help the British because of the suffering in American army. (Washington & Army (2014)

Negotiations with the British began in late 1779 from Arnold’s perspective about the American Fort at West Point, New York. This was in return for money as well as a position within the British Army.

John Andre was Arnold’s principal intermediary. While disguised in civilian clothes, he crossed between American and British lines.

Arnold was convicted by Andre of treason when he received the papers from him.

Arnold fled to British lines after he realized that Andre was captured by the Patriots before he could be captured.

Arnold was not promised anything because America retained Westpoint.

Andre was used as a spy by the American in 1780 (Fissell 2016).

Arnold was quickly regarded as the most hated person in American history.

Ironic is the fact that his treason was the last of his service to the American cause.

Even though Americans were frustrated by the slow progress toward independence, Arnold’s betrayal angered and reenergized their slowing morale.

Later Life

Arnold was given a commission by the British army after he had helped the enemy.

He helped in many small-scale battles against Americans.

Arnold lived in England even after America won the war in 1783 with the treaty de Paris.

He died in London on June 14, 1801.

His British friends considered him with ambivalence and his former countrymen detested him (Hughes 2013).

He died in the same place he was born. His name was a synonym of the word “traitor” (Randall (2014)).

Benedict Arnold was a hero of extraordinary intelligence and bravery.

He was accused of being a traitor because he switched sides, from the United States to Britain.

In the end, he didn’t get what he wanted. He was denied a high-ranking position in the army, which he had desired since childhood.

Although he was loyal at times to the United States, he did not receive sufficient recognition from the British.

Finally, he died after his health began to decline.

For a few years, he was suffering from gout.

For several years, his legs were in extreme pain and he needed to be able to walk with a cane.

He was unable to survive, even with medication.

He is a relatively unknown figure in history, though fictional references to Benedict Arnold can have negative connotations.

“Baubles of Britain”, The American and Consumer Revolutions of 18th Century.

Colonial America and the Early Republic (pp.

English Warfare, 1511-1642.

The Plans of War: British Military Strategy and The General Staff c. 1900-1916

Allenby and British strategy, Middle East 1917-1919.

Valiant Ambition. George Washington, Benedict Arnold, And The Fate Of The American Revolution.

Benedict Arnold: Patriotic and traitor.

New Word City.

Tillson Jr. A. H. (2013).

Patriotic Gore.

History: Reviews of New Books. 41(4),113-116.

The American Revolution: 1775-1783.

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