HIS 215 World History Since 1500

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Write a review of the given topic

Galileo’s Daughter, Dava Sabel

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Galileo’s Daughter Book Reply

How did Sobel’s inclusion of Maria Celeste at the center of the story alter my understanding about Galileo?

Maria Celeste Galilei (nun) was born in 1600, and she died in Virginia Galilei on 1634.

Maria Celeste was the child of Galileo Galilei an Italian scientist.

Marina Gamba, her mother, was also known (Eppinga & Huizinga 2017).

Sobels communicated important information using the characters of Maria Celeste Galilei.

Sobels attempted to talk about how Galilei looked after her daughter.

Sobels also mentions virtues like brilliance, industry and sensibility that helped to define the schism in science and Catholic religion.

What surprised you about Galileo Daughter

Surprisingly, I was struck by Maria Celeste’s accomplishment in the 17th clash of catholic religion with Maria Celeste. This continued to define the whole schism between faiths.

Strengths and weaknesses of Sobels Books

Sobel’s books have strength because they contain a pleasant tale for domestic affection, which helps in humanizing a great men (Todorov 2016).

This letter adds poignancy in the face of any horrible persecution within a society.

These letters teach us that science and religion are not the only things we need to be concerned about.

Uncommon readers are unable to interpret Sobel’s meaning, which makes it difficult for scholars to grasp.

The book is also outdated.

Galileo’s picture from the pages.

Galilei is an intellectual, hardworking individual who is open and transparent.

Maria Celeste’s relationship to religion shows how nuns can manage complex situations as seen in science (Fantoli 2011).

Celeste continues to fight for the support of the astrometry sprits, despite the trial being a disaster.

Maria Celeste’s assessment shows the supremacy of religion over science.

Galileo relationship to Catholic Church and comparison with Martin Luther

Maria Celeste is considered to be a nun in the church.

According to Stalcup (2015), she is described as an extraordinary woman, with positive perspectives, who has a great mind and can be loved (Stalcup).

Maria Celeste is often compared to Martin Luther. This reveals a lot of deviations.

Martin came to discredit those practices, which Maria Celeste supported.

He condemned the indulgence of the Roman Catholic Church.

The Relationship Between Science and Religion At The Reign of Galileo.

Some deviations are possible from the Galileo approach in science and religion.

Galileo’s approach towards science and religion has been criticized by different scholars as being partly incorrect (Paul, 2017).

Galileo was wrong to assert the sun’s immobility in-universe, but he was right about the mobility of some solar system components.

His views, including his remarks on the question of faith, were in keeping with today’s religious approach.

Galileo’s views weren’t correct so Church did not accept them.

He believed that the sun was both the fixed center of the universe and the solar system. (Raphael and Raphael 2017).

Galileo’s daughters are the most important events in Europe’s past.

There are many events that have marked European history such as the Renaissance and the protestant reformation.

In the sense that all these events are similar to Galileo’s discussion, they all focused on bringing about a change to Europe that would benefit the future.

All these movements, just like the Galileo story had to touch every corner. This was a new transformation. (Perkowitz 2011).

The movement’s understanding focuses on the dangers of ignorance in a nation and bigotry.

As in Maria Celeste and Galileo, those who supported these movements emerged victorious.

Germany – Memories Of A Nation Book /Audio Response

What is Germany?

What is the German nation?

What is the nation of Germany?

German can be found in both central and western Europe.

It is Europe’s second most populous country, after Russia (Teo 2013).

It is located between the North Sea to the North and Baltic to its northern end, while the south part faces the Alps.

The German Nation is the unification and formation of the German Empire (1871) from the German states.

The large number of people that are united by a common culture, history, or language is called the nation.

The difference between Germany and other European nations.

MacGregor believes that German history has been marked by a series of events that have made it possible to change its history (Teo 2013).

It has been through a series events such as German at BC, German AD and finally German in modern times.

All of these events led to a significant change in German history.

German is unique in comparison to other European countries in several ways.

First, German’s economy is more prosperous than that of other European countries.

Some countries in Europe have high levels of unemployment, while Germany has low levels (Teo, 2013).

Description of MacGregor, meaning of memories and analysis of historical methods. Why MacGregor rejected the narrative

MacGregor’s series is a collection of juxtapositions for authoritarianism, humanism and other aspects. It was highly accepted in German.

He discusses ideas, people, as well as the powerful aspects of German printing presses (Riddell (2014)).

If you look at the MacGregor title, it is clear that German has experienced a variety of series that marked its history.

Macgregor used more then 30 objects to illustrate the German nation’s emergence.

In his book, he used the term memory to refer to the entire history. This included authoritarianism as well as humanism.

Memories are symbols of historical events and eras that have shaped German history.

MacGregor’s work can be used to analyse German history by emphasizing both urban and modern eras in German history (Riddell (2014)).

He stated that he was less interested in the rural and provincial eras in German because they were not likely to have positive effects on the nation.

MacGregor was forced to reject the narrative approach, and instead chose to follow the modern urban age which could be helpful in German.

Germany Nation’s Important Memories

These three events are key to shaping German history.

Blackbourn & Evans 2014, p. 62. Memories often reflect the unconnected part of German history that emphasized the power of Germany and other European countries.

The MacGregor also describes the objects and reflections about the history of German.

Memory was shaped by fragmentation in German lands, which impeccably influenced history nation’s transformation.

At which MacGregor beliefs tend to mold Germany memories of the country.

MacGregor’s belief provides a roadmap for the development of German nationalism.

Blackbourn & Evans 2014, p. 2). The guiding factors for development in various fields of German are stories and living styles of people and other objects (MacGregor).

After writing about poets, poets, and prophets, MacGregor focuses on the important role of unity in the development of German nation.

MacGregor describes the response of Germany to war and its effects.

German’s war memories are meant to warn it about the dangers of instability in peace.

German had seen a lot of destruction of its cities in the past. This was due to the war presence (Iggers 2011).

MacGregor’s book emphasizes that war memories tend to repeat the same analogy.

It will be challenging to restore the same potential once German has fallen prey to the aspects of war.

German history will suffer from the loss of its urban landscapes, which will create a problem.

The Holy Roman Empire and MacGregors: What is Their Role?

To provide religious aspects and promote the understanding of the Bishoprics language in Religion.

What was surprising about Germany?

MacGregor was very vocal about the uniqueness of German.

It’s amazing to see how these memories have been connected with ordinary objects that we see in German. There are places which resonate in German as well, such as the press and Meissen porcelain.

Analyzing the chapters that are engaging.

MacGregor seems to have drawn attention to some of his chapters.

Blackbourn (2014), for example, found the chapter on the forest, and its places, very engaging on the imagination.

In German, the chapters present fairy tales based on Romantic painters’ work and Grimm Brothers’.

MacGregor stresses forest’s importance.

The second aspect is the use objects, which includes things that we can expect in German.

This is very interesting. MacGregor tries to share positive knowledge with the German people by appreciating small objects, such as monuments or printing presses.

French Revolution Symbols Entry

To identify and promote public support for the French revolution, symbols were used.

In the French revolution, these symbols were used.

This symbol became the French national anthem (Shaw 2011).

The song was originally written by Claude Joseph. It was then legalized by the French national Convention.

Information on the song reveals the revolutionary steps taken in French history.

The song’s lyrics and melody are clear examples of the revolution.

The whole theme of the anthem song calls for the soul of French citizens and their enthusiasm.

Bastille Day.

This symbol is about the French special holiday (Shaw 2011).

The French national day is always celebrated each year on the 14th of July.

This holiday is dedicated to the memory of the 1789 storming that took place at the Bastille.

The French Revolution is also celebrated by the national holiday.

Different authors claim that this national holiday was established to protect Parisians from foreign mercenaries.

Bastille was stormed and people prevented foreign mercenaries entering France.

The Marianne.

It is known as the sign for Goddess of Liberty and the symbol for liberty in French.

It can be seen at any location and used to show honour to courts in France and halls.

The symbol can be found in the structure of women, which is always prominent on official logos for the French government.

It can also be found on French stamps, as well as coins.

It has been recognized as one of the most popular symbols that marked the French revolution. She is considered a national symbol and tends to represent the end of French monarchy.

It stood for democracy and freedom in France, fighting against oppression.

As it aimed to abolish oppression and suffering in Paris, Marianne’s symbol was chosen for the French Revolution.

It brought freedom and liberty that bolstered cohesion.

The Maximilien Robespierre.

He was an influential French figure and was strongly associated with the French Revolution (Kates (2014)).

He was a member in good standing of the Constituent assembly. This meant that he fought to improve the living conditions of the French poor, as well as for abolishing slavery.

Maximilien Robertre’s era was marked by the abolishment or factors like the opposition to war in Austria, campaign against Louis XVI execution and the reign terror which marked the most significant French revolution (Kates, 2014).

Marie Antoinette.

She was a queen that played an important part in the French Revolution.

She was the queen of France and had the power to do the following.

First, she used a lot to save the lives of people who were hungry.

She also managed to persuade King Charles to end the French constitutional monarchy (Kates, 2014).

She also advocated for an increased relationship between Australian and French politics.

Marie Antoinette’s greatest icon is when she influenced Australia to become a friend. She suggested that French might now be able to borrow weapons from the army to protect French enemies.

The Charlotte Corday.

This was another figure associated with the French revolution.

Doyle (2018). Charlotte Corday was an important figure in French politics.

She was the only leader who respected the political principles of Girondist groups in French.

She believed the Girondist movements were the only movement that could bring about French liberation. This is why Charlotte Corday was aligned to their views and perspectives.

Charlotte Corday played a role in securing women’s roles in the society in that period.

She challenged those who were trying to make women less than them and gave an insight to all French women (Doyle 2018).

After challenging violence propositions for the Girondist French group, Charlotte Corday was hailed a hero.

Charlotte Corday, therefore, saved millions of Parisians by trying to reverse violence from the massacres in 1792 in French.

Charlotte Corday, through all of these efforts, became a leading leader and was used as a symbol for revolution in French.

Reading Response

What was revolutionary about the French revolution

There were many factors that led to the French Revolution.

A number of factors had to be taken into account before the revolution could occur (Wahnich (2012)).

A number of bourgeois had at least a basic education and were part of the national assembly.

French people who fought for the revolution were thought to be common citizens hungry for daily bread in French.

The treason of king was another factor that led to the revolution. Unfortunately, the court arrested the king and sentenced him for trying escape the country (Hanson (2015)).

The nation was forced to confront civil war due to its dire capital situation.

The government’s mess was another aspect of the French revolution.

In the sense that the government system was completely different, starting with the number of heads in a different job, there was terror.

This period saw false suspicions about people being enemy of the nation.

The revolutionary was a significant factor in the fall of French political and social order (Hanson (2015)).

This revolution was the first communist revolution that allowed French power to be consolidated.

The revolution did not wipe out all the assets belonging to the French upper classes or for the wealthy.

This means that human survival was dependent on the resources available.

French people needed to work and eat, so that there were no disturbances.

Another issue that marked the revolution was the French Revolution which enabled the replacement of the monarch in the state.

This incredible act was impossible to imagine.

After a while, an Emperor was established in return.

People tried the monarchy over and over again, but it was soon to fall apart (Loubere (2014)).

French revolutionized because everyone living in Paris was after revolution.

They had killed a King and there was no Head of State.

Different sources suggest that the revolution was more symbolic of French war than a war.

The following elements were involved in the French revolution.

The first revolution occurred because of the hunger of Parisians (Jones 2018, 2018).

The first revolution was caused by the hunger of Parisians. They were not granted rights and had to pay more taxes.

A lack of representation within the French government also led to the revolution.

We also examine the French execution of King Philippe and his family.

The nation was without a king, so revolution was necessary.

Another instance was the fight to obtain the privileges that were known as aristocracies for Parisians.

This was marked by war that was mainly on the seas and continents at the time (Jones (2018).

Finally, the French revolution was also caused by different types of government changes.

Listening and/or viewing responses

This section is about the dismantling of history to make way for Dr. Richard Clay’s art in revolution (Andrew 2011).

BBC presenter, Dr. Richard Clay, has spent much of his time trying to decode symbols of power as well as other factors that contributed to the French revolution.

He also explored the impact of iconoclasm on the French revolution.

Clay believes that the French Revolution launched the power of iconoclasm, which in turn changed the world’s course.

Clay discovered that the French Revolution can be fully retold through stories. He believes these stories document the destructions caused to the nation.

Clay concludes with a story about French revolution, which includes the storming and rise of Napoleon, and suggests that the French revolution shows the destructive roles and constructive roles of iconoclasts that were exposed by the modern birth Europe (Andrew 2011, 2011).

The Barriere de la conference was attacked by rioters in 1798. They ransacked the entire building.

After two days, Bernard, the governor of France was defeated and decapitated.

Clay describes this as the sign of the French revolution.

He shows how history is comprised of issues like rioting, iconoclasm and the use of powers that control the intended subjects.

It was one of the most important tools in French history and helped to facilitate the power for the political acts.

All of these arts were symbols of French oppression (Drott, 2011).

BBC ends by stating that art and images are an integral part of French daily life and that revolution should be undertaken to help Parisians realize their true importance.

Maximilien Robertespierre was another voice supporting the revolution in French.

Maximilien Robespierre was a lawyer prior to the Revolution being launched in French.

Maximilien was a lawyer who fought for the French poor. He also campaigned to support minorities, such as women who had been robbed (Yarrington & Everest 2016).

He was searching for democracy in French.

His power was achieved through the club de Jacobins. They are the equivalent of the current French political parties.

The club was once called the friends of constitution.

Robespierre suffered further from the Revolution which caused the club to be split.

He shows that revolution wasn’t a simple step. It was a complex process which involved the struggle between distinct groups for power.

The Robespierre club played an important role in the French Revolution.

Jacobins club unified themselves with the state to stop the French revolution (Yarrington & Everest 2016, 2016).

Robespierre helped to facilitate revolution through the committee for public safety, the overthrow Louis XVI and finally being the leader in the Jacobins movement of French.

Discussion Topic Commentaries

Topic commentators have chosen the Symbols for the French Revolution to be the focus of their discussion.

It is interesting as it attempts to present historical artifacts on the French Revolution (Miller, 2011,).

Symbolism was considered a tool to enhance identification and facilitate coherence within a nation.

There was also the need to differentiate between modern French time and old French regime.

This led to the formation of these symbols that were intended to help French monarchy symbolism.

The topic shows how symbols were borrowed and redefined from other cultures to give new meanings and fresh interpretations.

Some symbols that represented the French past regimes were destroyed, while others were used to represent the French revolution (Miller 2011).

The new symbols were intended to inspire an element of enlightenment, and to also instill to the general public a change within the French tradition, which was essential in the French revolution.

There were many symbols to represent the French revolution.

Each symbol represents an aspect that reminds French citizens about the country’s past.

The Marseillaise symbol, the Bastille Day symbol, Marie Antoinette symbol, Marie Antoinette symbol, and finally the Maximilien Robespierre were all symbols of French revolution.

All of these symbols show important events that occurred in French (Miller 2011).

References

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Galileo Galilei – Science and Scripture in Conflict?

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Reading Galileo: Scribal Technologies & the Two New Sciences.

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