HIST 23 American History

Question:

Answer the following questions:

1- The Preamble of the Constitution is a short introduction to the Constitution in a single sentence. What does it propose?

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2- The US Constitution, in its first three articles, establishes the government of the United States as a republic with three branches.

A Synopsis of The Constitution:

3- Write a brief summary of each Article of the Constitution, in two or three sentences.

The Bill of Rights was introduced to ensure that individuals had civil rights and could escape the tyranny of a central government with too much power, as the Colonists had suffered both before and after the US Revolution.

4- Give a brief summary of each Amendment in Bill of Rights.

5-Discuss whether the constitution is a series or compromises that are meant to please all 13 US states.

Answer:

The preamble is an important part of the US constitution because it defines unification of the States.

The constitution’s opening lines clearly stated that America was a nation that was formed from its people and its unification of its various states.

The preamble of US constitution acts in both directions (Arnold Doyle, Wiesehomeier and Wiesehomeier 2017.

It provides the main ideas and contents of the constitution. Second, it bridges the Declaration of Independence of the States.

It gives the reader a clear view of the Constitution.

The purpose of the first three articles, which establishes the US Constitution as a republic with three branches of the government, is to manage the huge states in the best possible way.

According to the expectations of the legislation, the branches are classified.

The US constitution has a legislative branch that looks after the state’s needs and requirements in regard to national laws.

It includes the Senate and the House of Representatives (the Congress).

The president oversees the functioning and administration of the executive branches of the US within the framework of the constitution.

The US’s judicial branch administers justice through correct interpretation of the constitution and laws.

The appointment of judges to the courts is a key part of this process.

Article 1 Of The US Constitution

This article discusses the power and limitations of Congress.

Congress is the branch within the government that can create laws for the country.

This Article was created in order to limit the Congress’ enormous power.

Article 2 of The Constitution

The Article opens the door to the executive branches of the government.

The executive branch is responsible for the administration of the nation. It also monitors the execution of laws within the system.

Article 3 of The Constitution

The Article creates a judiciary branch which interprets the law and looks after legislations.

It aids in the formation and execution of actions by the supreme courts and other sub-divisional court.

Article 4 Of The Constitution

The Article discusses the states and the responsibilities they have towards the improvement and progress of the country.

It outlines the duties of the states and their responsibilities in accordance with federal law.

Article 5 Of The Constitution

The Article says that the Constitution can only be modified by an amendment.

In times of crisis, an amendment should only be added to the Constitution.

Article 6 In The Constitution

The constitution will still apply to all debts and commitments the nation had prior to its formulation.

The Constitution of the Nation is the highest legal state that must be observed by all government officials. All judges must refer to the constitution before making any valid decision.

Article 7 of The Constitution

The Article lists the number and responsibilities of each state in ratifying and adhering to the amended laws.

Smith 2017: The first amendment to the Constitution establishes the freedom of religion, and the right of citizens to choose their own religion (Smith 2017).

This amendment defines the rights to speech, freedom of information and freedom to gather in groups.

Second Amendment

The second amendment allows the nation’s citizens to be encouraged to have arms to protect themselves and their security (McNamara 2017).

Third Amendment

The third amendment stipulates that soldiers are not allowed to shelter in another person’s house during peacetime without consenting to their owner.

Fourth Amendment

The fourth amendment says that public officials cannot search a person’s property or arrest them without probable cause.

Fifth Amendment

Smith 2017 states that the Fifth Amendment requires the Federal government to comply with the law before it can punish a person.

It also includes the double-jeopardy clause. This means that a person can’t be tried twice for the same offense.

Sixth Amendment

It gives the rights of the public to be informed about the crime that they have committed.

They are entitled to question the officials regarding the crime they are facing in court or arrest.

It provides for the rights of the individual to a jury trial in civil matters.

The eighth amendment provides that the government can’t demand excessive bail, or inflict cruel punishments.

The amendment says that the constitution does NOT include all rights of people or states. Therefore, it assures that the constitution will protect rights that are not in it and ensures that citizens do not lose these rights.

Tenth Amendment

It states that all powers that are not granted to the government by the constitution are given to the people or the states, except where the constitution limits the power of the states.

The American Constitution reached compromises thanks to the Connecticut Compromise. This compromise included the three-fifths, commerce, compromise and the election for the president.

The Connecticut compromise merged the plans of both the Virginia and New Jersey plans. This represented the state’s population.

Later, it was decided that there would be two chambers within the Congress to allow for the best possible application of the principles.

The three-fifths compromise is built on the disparity in the representation of slaves at the House of Representatives. (Ely 2016).

While the delegates representing the Northern states didn’t rely on slaves, they felt that the slaves shouldn’t be counted. The Southern states were not as convinced.

The compromise reached by the Northern and Southern states is known as “the three-fifths compromise”.

Commerce is based upon the Northern and Southern States. The Northern states requested that the government impose a tax for foreign goods to maintain competition. However, the Southern states fear the tax.

Slave trade compromise, which is based in the conflict between the Northern states and the Southern ones, is another aspect of this compromise.

The Northern states don’t support the slave trading, while the Southern states supported it.

They reached a compromise.

Again, the US Constitution made a compromise in the election of president. This was done because people were confused and worried about what the consequences would be if they elected an unworthy person to their presidency (Arnold Doyle, Wiesehomeier 2017).

References

Arnold, C. Doyle D. and Wiesehomeier N.

Presidents, policy compromise, and legislative success.

The Journal of Politics 79(2): pp.380-395.

Ely Jr., J.W.

The Contract Clause: An Historical Constitutional History.

University Press of Kansas.

The Fight to Bear Arms – Challenging both the Second Amendment, and the US Constitution as an Sacred Text.

European journal for American studies 12(12-2).

For a decolonized US Constitution.

Human Rights Of and By the People: How to Critique the Us Constitution and Change It, p.162.

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