Identify the ethical decisions made by both speakers.
Discuss both sides.
Offer an honest evaluation of the ethical decisions that must be made.
The pros and cons of both the ethical and moral choices that must be made were identified.
Indicate how the speaker’s ethical suggestions relate to your own culture.
Identify the cultural influences that might have an impact on the speaker’s perspective.
Discuss with your students how listening to these speeches helps you to understand other cultures.
How does reading these speeches promote civic involvement?
Booker T. Washington, an educator who spoke out in support of African Americans in the south, was the first speaker.
His speech is a testimony to the belief of the ethical theory called Accommodations.
This is a belief that all citizens must be treated equally, and should not discriminate against any particular group.
He spoke in support of civil rights for the white Americans who live in the south.
DuBois, in his speech, condemned Washington for lowering expectations of African Americans living south.
DuBois’ liberal democratic ethics is evident in this speech.
Washington made the first speech advocating for both vocational and educational education of African American youth.
This is done to improve relations between the southern and northern races.
He points out the fact that both whites as well as blacks have made significant progress in their race relations since emancipation. These must be highlighted in his exposition.
He demanded federal support for the South’s Negro problem.
He stated that he would support blacks in their ability to learn commerce, mechanics and agriculture.
He believed in the Protestant work ethic and stated that blacks were loyal. His belief was that their hard work would lead to success.
DuBois is harshly critical of Washington’s views.
He was critical of South Africa’s low expectations for blacks.
He believed in liberal democracy philosophy and desired equality among all people.
He had an alternative response to the negro problem.
His speech details the threats the white man was facing from continuous conflicts and bloodsheds.
He calls for the legal rights to whites in south.
It covers freedom, right-to-wok, freedom of movement, freedom of speech and rise.
He wanted blacks to be able to unreservedly launch legal and scholarly criticisms.
He called for changes in law, education, and health economics.
Washington also addressed the fear of the blacks by referring to their fear.
This covered the fear of blacks wanting social equality with whites.
One example of this fear was the fear of social inclusion was the finger.
He said that although fingers are distinct in a hand, their collaboration is essential for mutual progress.
Washington encouraged whites to visit the south and share responsibility for improving social and economic relations between these two races.
His ethics promotes the development of trust between these two cultures and shared responsibility.
Dubois on the other side spoke about social and cultural insecurity that can only end with equal treatment.
Both speakers speak about peaceful coexistence among the races.
Both speeches have their pros and disadvantages.
Despite this, the speech was a powerful message for the country. It condemned racial discrimination as well as called for the end of separation (Jones 65).
Although both the speakers agreed to compromise between black and white, DuBois didn’t seem to be concerned about the pride earned by the blacks through their labor.
Washington on the other side records the black perspective. He states that whites are wrongly judging blacks and don’t want them to know.
His view is to create a better atmosphere where both races would live in respect.
White Americans are aware of the importance of speech. It opens doors to different perspectives and allows them to see other cultures.
While speeches advocate equality, each person faces their own unique challenges and must learn how to respond.
Each person must be treated according his abilities and not his appearance.
Washington’s view is based on his African-American upbringing.
He believed the agitation for social equality was a false concept.
Washington said that the majority of blacks realized that their privileges came from continuous struggle, not an artificial forcing (Schmidt 110).
DuBois is a white man who believes in liberal democracy.
The whites wanted Civic equality and education for their youth, according to their abilities.
There is no need to resort to violence or bloodshed for these rights.
Washington’s plan had a short-term purpose, while DuBois’s long-term plan could be used until today.
Washington’s compromise to being a slave was a crucial issue for black culture.
These speeches are a record of the ideology that whites should be treated equally as blacks.
“Lessons From the Niagara Movement: Prosopography & Discursive Protest.”
Sociological Focus49.1 (2016): 53-83.
Schmidt, Christopher W. “Legal History and the Long Civil Rights Movement Problem.”
Law & Social Inquiry 41.4 (2016): 1072-1107.